What Is Cloud Computing Technology: A Complete Guide
Cloud computing technology enables the delivery of on-demand computing resources such as applications and data centers over the internet. Oftentimes, cloud services are paid for by the customer on an as-needed or pay-per-use business model.
With cloud computing technology, users do not need to stress about storing their own data, as the management of hardware and software will become the responsibility of the vendor. The shared infrastructure of cloud computing technology works similar to a utility. This means users only have to pay for what they need, upgrades are automatic, and scaling up or down is hassle-free.
Cloud computing technology delivers pretty much any service that does not require users to be in close proximity to the computer hardware that they are using. Some of its offerings include servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and artificial intelligence.
As cloud computing grows in popularity, thousands of companies are tapping this technology to run their infrastructure more efficiently and to scale up their business while lowering their operating costs.
Types of Cloud Computing Technology Explained
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) gives customers access to elements of infrastructure, such as hardware, software, servers, and storage, while providing backup, security, and maintenance. This cloud computing technology allows them to deploy and run various software programs, including operating systems and applications. Some of the leading IaaS vendors include Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, IBM, and Google Cloud Platform.
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides a virtual environment to users who want to develop, test, deliver, and manage software applications. The main goal of PaaS is to help developers create their web or mobile applications without thinking about managing the adjacent infrastructure of servers, storage, networks, and databases required for their work. Some examples of PaaS vendors are Salesforce, IBM, RedHat, and Google Cloud Platform.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Software as a Service (SaaS) gives users access to licensed software applications that are residing on the cloud. Individuals can use the applications over the Internet using a pay-per-use model. SaaS service providers are the ones managing cloud infrastructures including networks, servers, operating systems, or data repositories and provide all kinds of support, including software upgrades and security. Vendors of SaaS include Google Compute Engine, HP Enterprise Converged Infrastructure, SmartCloud Enterprise, and Green Cloud Technologies.
Once you’ve already determined what cloud computing technology is suitable to your requirements, it is now time to choose the service provider. You will want to evaluate the options that different providers offer and look at how they would be able to support your unique objectives. Here are some things you can consider.
Since security is a major concern in the cloud, it is imperative to know precisely what your security goals are. After which, look for providers with security measures that matches your needs. This way, you can be sure that your applications and data are always kept safe.
The architecture incorporated into your workflows must also be considered when choosing your cloud provider. If your organization relies heavily on Google products, it will make sense to proceed with Google as this vendor can ease your data integration and consolidation.
Another parameter that requires careful consideration is support. See to it that the provider can help you resolve issues quickly. Some providers deliver support through a chat service or call center. Others may have access to a dedicated resource, but there’s a good chance there will be some issues on time and access. Learn what level and form of support you will get before signing a cloud provider.
You must choose a cloud architecture platform that allows you to meet compliance standards applicable to your industry and organization. Whether you are complying with GDPR, SOC 2, PCI DSS, or HIPAA, make sure you understand what requirements are needed once your applications and data are living in a public cloud infrastructure.
Expenses also play a big role in deciding which cloud service provider to hire. Make sure to opt for a cloud provider that fits your budget. Fees are often charged hourly, monthly, semi-annually or annually, depending on the vendor. Pricing for cloud computing technology can vary significantly depending on a company's needs.
Swift Systems is a professional and reliable IT company based in Maryland. We deploy cloud computing technology suitable to your business needs. Contact us today to learn more about the cloud services we offer.